New Delhi: At a time when the Covid-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected people with diabetes, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) on Monday released a guidance document for the management of Type 1 diabetes.
The first nationwide diabetes prevalence study, funded by ICMR, reported a narrowing of urban-rural difference in the burden of diabetes. As per the study, the disease has become apparent in the age group of 25-34 years in both urban and rural areas. While Type 2 diabetes is more common among adults, the ICMR study found more and more children being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes in India.
India has nearly 95,600 cases of Type 1 diabetes among children below 14 years of age, and every year, around 15,900 fresh cases are being reported in this age group. An estimated of 2.5 lakh people in India suffer from type 1 diabetes.
Individuals with Type 1 diabetes need support to survive, using insulin and other therapies, and to live their entire life with stigma, restrictions, or disabling complications due to their illness. Intensive management of all aspects of diabetes, especially glycemic (blood glucose) control, is now the gold standard in Type 1 diabetes management, the ICMR guideline said.
In India, there exists a considerable variability in the quality of diabetes care, which depends upon various factors such as accessibility to services, affordability of drugs, attitude among others.